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The Shalamar Gardens were laid out as a Persian paradise garden intended to create a representation of an earthly utopia in which humans co-exist in perfect harmony with all elements of nature. The garden is spread out in three elevated levels of terraces mounted above one another. It is one of the most significant among other Mughal Gardens. The Shalimar Gardens are not just all about greenery and fountains but it also has a range of buildings with stunning architecture which is worth having a look at. Its other names are Shalimar Garden, Shalimar Bagh, Farah Baksh and Faiz Baksh, and the other famous shore line garden in the vicinity is Nishat Bagh. Numerous trees were planted in the gardens which include apple, mango, almond, cherry and a host of other fruit bearing and odoriferous plants that are bound to delight the visitors and nature loving tourists. General Ayub Khan also ordered the closure of the Mela Chiraghan festival use to be held in the gardens in 1958. The middle level terrace has 152 fountains. According to a legend, Pravarsena II., the founder of the city of Srinagar, who reigned in Kashmir from A.D. 79 to 139, had built a villa on the edge of the lake, at its north-eastern corner, calling it Shalimar, which in Sanskrit is said to mean ” The Abode or Hall of Love.” The king often visited a saint, named Sukarma Swami, living near Harwan, and rested in this villa on his way. The form of the garden is inspired by the gardens of the same name, in Kashmir, and would later be copied in the Shalimar Gardens of Delhi. The Shalimar Gardens are located 8 kilometers (5 miles) east of Lahore. Shalimar Garden is located near the northern ridge behind Delhi University. The Bagh is considered the high point of Mughal horticulture. Its construction was supervised by Khalilullah Khan, who was a noble in Shah Jahan’s court. Shalimar Garden is a residential-cum-commercial locality in the North Western part of the city of Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh. Mian Muhammad Yusuf, the head of the family during that time handed over the site of Ishaq Pura to Shah Jahan as pressure was mounted by the royal engineers who planned to construct on the site due to its soil conditions and good location. The Shalimar Gardens, sometimes written Shalamar Gardens, is a Pakistani garden and it was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore, modern day Pakistan. Mughal Gardens were based upon Timurid gardens built in Central Asia and Iran between the 14th and 16th century. The first and third terraces are both shaped as squares, while the second terrace is a narrow rectangle. Search for: Current Affairs. Unlike the gardens in Kashmir which relied on naturally sloping landscapes, the waterworks in Lahore required extensive engineering to create artificial cascades and terraces. Shalimar Gardens draws inspiration from Central Asia, Kashmir, Punjab, Persia and the Delhi Sultanate. Its architectural design is based on that of Char Bhagh. It has to be visited once in life. Shalimar Liverpool residential arena, the latest luxury apartment project by Shalimar Group, one of South Canara's leading builders, was inaugurated at Bendorewell. The Shalimar Gardens (Urdu: شالیمار باغ), sometimes written Shalamar Gardens, were built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore, modern day Pakistan. The uppermost terrace of the gardens is named Bagh-e-Farah Baksh, literally meaning Bestower of Pleasure. 51.25 Lac - Rs. Shalimar Garden (Main), Shalimar Garden Extension-I and Shalimar Garden Extension-II. Question: Who Built Shalimar Garden? Required fields are marked *. [2] Construction of the gardens began in 1641 during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan,[2] and was completed in 1642. Russian scholar Anna Suvorova in her book Lahore: Topophilia of Space and Place(OUP 2011) has succeeded in unravelling the origin of the word Shalimar. [2] During the Sikh era, much of the garden's marble was pillaged and used to decorate the Golden Temple and the Ram Bagh Palace in nearby Amritsar [9], while the gardens' costly agate gate was stripped and sold by Lehna Singh Majithia. Shalamar's main entrance was onto the lower-most terrace, which was open to noblemen, and occasionally to the public. In particular, these gardens drew inspiration from the Emperor Jahangir’s Shalimar Gardens in Kashmir, but there are also influences from designs in Delhi Sultanate and Western Punjab. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. This pristine attraction was built in the year 1619 by the Mughal emperor Jahangir for his beloved wife Nur Jahan and lies overlooking the scintillating waters of the Dal Lake. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. As it is believed that at Shalimar a villa was built by Pravarassena II in the late 6th Century, when the garden was a sacred site. It depicts the grandeur of Mughal Architecture. They were commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1637. The gardens give you a strong impression of what was and the cenotaphs must have been outstanding. Two gateways and minarets in the corners of the Gardens, Numerous other varieties of odoriferous (fragrant) and non odoriferous and fruit giving plants, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 02:18. Lahore's Shalamar Gardens were built by the Mughal royal family primarily as a venue for them to entertain guests,[7] though a large portion was open to the general public. ft. and are available at an economical price of Rs. This beautifully designed 2 BHK unit with all the modern-day comforts is one of Shalimar Garden's most desired properties. The site of the Shalamar Gardens originally belonged to the Arain Mian Family Baghbanpura. Shalimar Bagh is a beautifully laid out Mughal garden, the largest of the three Mughal gardens in Srinagar (the other two being Nishat Bagh and Chashme Shahi). The name Shalimar ("abode of love") can be traced back to the name of the structure built by Pravarsena II in the 6th century CE, when the garden was a Hindu sacred site. The Shalimar Gardens (or the Shalamar Gardens), a Persian type garden complex built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1641 AD, is situated in Lahore, Pakistan. Who Built Shalimar Garden? Your email address will not be published. The Shalamar Gardens are located near Baghbanpura along Grand Trunk Road some 5 kilometers northeast of Lahore's Walled City. The Shalimar Gardens are located along the Grand Trunk Road some 5 kilometres northeast of the Lahore city centre. Shalimar garden was built in 1641 A.D. by Emperor Shah Jahan. There are in total 410 fountains with waters flowing into marble pools. [1], The courtiers told the Maharaja Ranjit Singh "that Shala was a Turki word which means pleasure and the mar means the place to live in". Our restaurant is named after the famous "SHALIMAR GARDEN" which was built in the mid of 17th century in Lahore (Pakistan) by the great Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved wife as a gift of love, who also built the famous TAJ MAHAL in India. The Shalamar Gardens (Punjabi, Urdu: شالامار باغ‎, romanized: Shālāmār Bāgh), also known in English as the Shalimar Gardens, are a Mughal garden complex located in Lahore, capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab. Construction of the gardens began on 12 June 1641, and took 18 months to complete. [3] In 1981 the Shalamar Gardens were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as they embody Mughal garden design at the apogee of its development. Built in the year 1619 by Mughal Emperor Jahangir for his beloved wife, Nur Jahan, Shalimar Bagh (also called Farah Baksh and Faiz Baksh) is one of the Mughal Gardens in Srinagar, Kashmir.It lies on the right bank of the Dal Lake, on the outskirts of Kashmir’s summer capital. Akbar built several gardens first in Delhi, then in Agra, Akbar’s new capital. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built the Shalimar Gardens in 1641. Building riverfront rather than fortress gardens influenced later Mughal garden architecture considerably. A high brick wall famous for its detailed fretwork surrounds the garden. Mian Muhammad Yusuf, the head of the family during that time handed over the site of Ishaq Pura to Shah Jahan as pressure was mounted by the royal engineers who planned to construct on the site due to its soil conditions and good location. The building was inaugurated by Suresh Ballal, chairman of MUDA, in the presence of D B Mehta, president of CREDAI - Mangaluru. Read More The Arain Mian Family Baghbanpura was the original owner of the site where the garden complex is located. It is now a public park and also referred to as the "Crown of Srinagar". lyndab47 wrote a review Mar 2020. Opening Times. Jammu and Kashmir is home to most beautiful mughal gardens in India and Srinagar host the maximum,The terrace gardens of Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh offers a magnificent view mountain range and Dal lake. The lower level terrace has 153 fountains. The family remained the custodian of the gardens for more than 350 years. Lahore's Shalamar Gardens were built by the Mughal royal family primarily as a venue for them to entertain guests, though a large portion was open to the general public. But the most unique and beautifully laid out garden remains to be the Shalamar gardens built by none other than Emperor Shah Jehan in 1642 AD, who also built the immortal Taj Mahal in Agra, India. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Arain Mian Family Baghbanpura was the original owner of the site where the garden complex is located. [2] All natural elements of the bagh are appreciated - including the sun, moon, and air. The lower level is known as Hayat Baksh, which means Benefactor of Life. The gardens date from the period when the Mughal Empire was at its artistic and aesthetic zenith,[1] and are now one of Pakistan's most popular tourist destinations. In the 16th C. An early Muslim King, Zain-ul-Abidin, is said to have created the canal and a bund (embankment) to Shalimar. [2] The project was managed by Khalilullah Khan, a noble of Shah Jahan's court, in cooperation with and Mulla Alaul Maulk Tuni. The annual Mela Chiraghan festival used to take place in the gardens until General Ayub Khan forbade it in 1958. Kashmir also host Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip garden is the largest Tulip garden of Asia, one of the top 5 most beautiful valley of flowers in India. Your email address will not be published. Such is the creativity that went into the making of the water systems and thermal engineering that the scientists even today are unable to gauge the designs from the blueprints. A 2 BHK Independent House for sale in Shalimar Garden, Ghaziabad. Minar-e-Pakistan Historical Facts and Pictures, Pharwala Fort Historical Facts and Pictures, Baltit Fort Historical Facts and Pictures, Faisal Mosque Historical Facts and Pictures, Ranikot Fort Historical Facts and Pictures, Pakistan National Monument Historical Facts and Pictures, Bahauddin Zakariya Mausoleum Historical Facts and Pictures, Badshahi Mosque Historical Facts and Pictures. The Shalamar Garden's contain the most elaborate waterworks of any Mughal Garden. But before moving on to its description, its history must be given due attention. [2], The site was chosen for its stable water supply. Mian Muhammad Yusuf, then the head of the Arain Mian family, ceded the site of Ishaq Pura to the Emperor Shah Jahan in order for the gardens to be built. Paris, France 133 contributions 38 helpful votes. The gardens are however still known as the "Shalamar Gardens" nowadays. The Bagh is considered the high point of Mughal horticulture. Shalimar Bagh is a Mughal garden in Srinagar, linked through a channel to the northeast of Dal Lake, on its right bank located on the outskirts of Srinagar city in Jammu and Kashmir, India. [8], The Shalamar Gardens were designed as a Persian-style Charbagh "Paradise garden" - a microcosm of an earthly utopia. [2] It contains 410 fountains, which discharge into wide marble pools, each known as a haūz. [7] Unlike the gardens in Kashmir which relied on naturally sloping landscapes, the waterworks in Lahore required extensive engineering to create artificial cascades and terraces. The Shalimar gardens were incorporated into the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites along with Lahore Fort in 1981. Shalimar Bagh is a Mughal garden in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India, linked through a channel to the northeast of Dal Lake. Shalimar Bagh. Name * Email * Website. [11], The Gardens were nationalised in 1962 by General Ayub khan[12] because leading Arain Mian family members had opposed his imposition of martial law in Pakistan. The complex lies near Baghbanpura, around 5 km northeast of the city of Lahore. The Shalimar Bagh was modelled on the Royal Gardens in Kashmir, also built by Shah Jahan. These flats have a super built-up area in the range of 1898.0 sq. Shalimar Bagh, which is also located on the bank of the Dal Lake.‘Nishat Bagh’ is Urdu, and means the "Garden of Joy," "Garden of Gladness" and "Garden of Delight." The Pinjore Gardens is known as Yadavindra Gardens, located in Pinjore, Panchkula district of Haryana. The canal intersected the Gardens and discharged into a large marble basin in the middle terrace. The other famous shoreline garden in the vicinity is Nishat Bagh, 'The Garden of Delight'. Shalamar Garden was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore in 1642. Atmospheric gardens and beautiful cenotaphs. 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