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The aged Ptolemy I failed to aid Lysimachus, who fell to a traitor's spear. Seleucus participated in the conquest of the Persian empire as one of Alexander's officers, and in 326 he commanded the Macedonian infantry against King Porus of India in battle on the Hydaspes River. Seleucus's love for Antiochus was such that he divorced his second wife, Stratonice, in 293 to allow his son to marry her. Nella primavera del 324 a.C. sposò, a Susa, nel corso dei matrimoni collettivi disposti da Alessandro, Apama, figlia del principe battriano Spitamene.[2]. Seleucus I Nicator ("victor"): one of the Diadochi, founder of the Seleucid Empire, ruled from 311 to 281. Macedonian King of Asia Seleucus (c. 358-281 B.C. Seleucus’ father was named Antiochus, and he served as a general in the military forces of King Philip II of Macedonia. After Alexander’s death in 321, Seleucus assumed the office of regent after the murder of Perdiccas. Seleucus founded a number of new cities during his reign, including Antioch (300 BC) and in particular Seleucia on the Tigris (ca. His widow fled to Seleucus, who now found himself pressured to intervene in Macedonia. Early July 246: Antiochus II Theos dies, leaving a confused dynastic situation. Nel tentativo di sottomettere definitivamente quest'ultima, morì nel 281 a.C. presso Lisimachia, assassinato da Tolomeo Cerauno. Several anecdotes of Seleucus' life became popular in the classical world. Seleucus I was a Macedonian general, a Companion of Alexander the Great, king of Babylonia and Syria, and founder of the Seleucid empire and dynasty. Together, Ptolemy, Cassander (the son of Antipater), and Lysimachus opposed Antigonus and demanded that Seleucus be restored to Babylonia. Pushing eastward Seleucus rapidly conquered the once rebellious Media and Susiana. Early Life and Career: Seleucus was born in Macedonia in the 350’s BC (dates unclear) Seleucus Father was a possibly a General under Phillip. Seleucus was the son of Antiochus. Seleucus I V Philopator of Syria was born in 225, at birth place, to Demetrius Nicator and Cleopatra IV Nicator (born Egypt). Perdikkas, the leading general and Macedonian nobleman in Babylon, became their regent. 268/_ Olympic victor in the stadion race: Seleucus of Macedonia Within translations: Euseb]:Chron_207 race 128th [268 B.C.] In Ba… Vi trasferì la capitale, prima situata a Seleucia sul Tigri, città che aveva fondato nel 307 a.C. Seleuco Nicatore[1] (in greco antico: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, Séleukos Nikátōr; Europo, 358 a.C. circa – Lisimachia, 281 a.C.), chiamato nella storiografia moderna Seleuco I, è stato un sovrano macedone antico. King Philip II was Alexander the Great’s father and Seleucus was a friend of King Alexander. In 299 BC, Seleucus allied with Demetrius and married his daughter Stratonice. In spring 334 BC, as a young man of about twenty-three, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia. It seems certain that after taking Macedonia and Thracia, Seleucus would have tried to conquer Greece. Although the satrapy of Babylonia remained the heart of Alexander's empire, Seleucus found the borders difficult to maintain. He intended to leave Asia to Antiochus and content himself for the remainder of his days with the Macedonian kingdom in its old limits. Seleucus I Nicator (c. 358 BC – 281 BC) (Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Α΄ Νικάτωρ) was one of the Diadochi. Antiochus served as an officer under Philip II, and gained distinction as a military general. Seleucus was present with Alexander at Susa in 324. Antiochus served as an officer under Philip II, and gained distinction as a military general. Seleucus I Nicator was a member of the infamous Diadochi – a group of Alexander the Great’s generals and friends who battled of the control of his empire after his death in 323 BC. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 6 dic 2020 alle 09:55. Fu prima diadoco di Alessandro Magno e poi primo sovrano dell'impero seleucide, che … Of the other prominent generals, Ptolemy sought the satrapy of Egypt; Antipater remained in Greece as governor and, allied with Craterus, crushed the Athenian rebellion; Lysimachus obtained Thrace; and Antigonus "the One-eyed" gained the powerful satrapy of Phrygia. From his first marriage, with Laodice II, he had two sons Seleucus II Callinicus (immediately recognized as king) and Antiochus Hierax (co-ruler in Sardes); they live in Ephesus 305 BC), the new capital of the Seleucid Empire, a foundation that eventually depopulated Babylon.Antiochus founded the cult of his father. In 321 Antipater had appointed Antigonus commander of the royal armies in Asia, and Antigonus desired to reunite Alexander's empire. Seleucus was the son of Antiochus, one of Philip's generals, and of Laodice. He originally came from Orestis, Macedonia. Cleopatra Tea è la moglie di Alessandro I Bala, Demetrio II Nicatore e Antioco VII Evergete. - c.-281) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. The victorious Seleucus headed for Babylon, gaining the support of the people, the armies, and minor officials. Seleucus participated in the conquest of the Persian empire as one of Alexander’s officers, and in 326 bce he commanded the Macedonian infantry against King Porus of India in battle on the Hydaspes River . When the empire was partitioned, he… Caught between the northern powers and Ptolemy to the south, Perdikkas divided his forces. Finding a willing ally in Antigonus, ruler of Macedonia, who had suffered at the hands of With the Chaldean Magi, Seleucus also founded the eastern city of Ctesiphon across the Tigris from Seleucia. By 311, with Antigonus back in Asia Minor, Seleucus and Ptolemy entered Palestine. Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Cassander and Seleucus soon followed. As booty, Seleucus obtained Syria. … Once in Babylonia, Antigonus assumed supreme command and reduced the royalists, and in 316 Seleucus fled to Egypt and Ptolemy's protection. Seleucus 7 of Macedonia - victor in the stadion race at the Olympic games, 268 B.C. Seleucus I Nicator was a Macedonian army officer who emerged as a prominent Diadochus in taking control over the vast empire of Alexander the Great, following the latter’s death. Opposition arose to Perdikkas, and in 321 war erupted. One inscription found in Ilion (i. e. , Troy) advises priests to sacrifice to Apollo, the ancestor of Antiochus' family. In the west Antigonus still dominated and in 305 assumed the royal title. Seleucus I Nicator invades Asia Minor and defeats Lysimachus, the King of Macedon and his last rival, in the Battle of Corupedium in Lydia, which leaves him … A cult of personality formed around the later members of the Seleucid dynasty and Seleucus was later worshipped as a son of god. Con l'obiettivo di regnare sul mare fondò la città di Antiochia sull'Oronte (attuale Nahr al-‘Āsi). As a teenager, Seleucus was chosen to serve as … In quegli anni fondò anche Laodicea al Mare. In Syria he built Antioch-on-the-Orontes in 300. Because of this, he became friends with Prince Alexander, his son, and was known to … Nel 316 a.C., sentendosi minacciato da Antigono Monoftalmo, satrapo della Frigia, che cercava di ricostituire a suo vantaggio l'impero di Alessandro, Seleuco fuggì in Egitto, dove si alleò con Tolomeo I e con i diadochi (Cassandro di Macedonia e Lisimaco di Tracia), contro Antigono. Alla morte di Alessandro, nel 323 a.C. la sua carica corrispondeva a quella di un attuale ministro. Perdikkas and Seleucus marched against Ptolemy and three times failed to cross the Nile Delta. Seleucus, who had received no lands or personal power other than a generalship under Perdikkas, supported the regent. Seleucus I Nicator. Nel 301 a.C., tornato in occidente, si alleò a Lisimaco e uccise Antigono nella battaglia di Ipso. By the time of the Indian campaigns beginning in late in 327 BC, he had risen to the command of the élite infantry corps in the Macedonian army, the "Shield-bearers" (Hypaspistai), later known as the "Silvershields". So Seleucus was probably educated in the same manner as Alexander the Great. He established Seleucia on the Tigris as his capital. But when Seleucus advanced on Macedonia that summer, Ptolemy Keraunos stabbed him to death in a vain attempt to claim the Macedonian throne. Antiochus ( Greek: Ἀντίοχος; fl. With the Chaldean Magi, Seleucus also founded the eastern city of Ctesiphon across the Tigris from Seleucia. Annetté la Siria la Mesopotamia e la parte orientale dell'Asia Minore, mentre Tolomeo si rifiutò di lasciargli la Celesiria. In 311 Seleucus founded Seleucia on the Tigris as his new capital. By the time of the Indian campaigns… Once logged in, you can add biography in the database. In the west Antigonus still dominated and in 305 assumed the royal title. 358 BCE. Seleucus fought a number of wars as the Greek empire fragmented in order to secure his own hold on power. Nella battaglia di Gaza perì Peithon, figlio di Agenore, uno dei generali dell'esercito di Alessandro Magno, il quale partecipò alla campagna militare in India e ne divenne satrapo dal 325 al 316 a.C., per essere poi nominato nel 316 satrapo di Babilonia da Antigono. It is possible that Antiochus was a member of an upper Macedonian noble family. Successor of: Alexander the Great. When the empire was partitioned, he… He had, however, hardly crossed into the Thracian Chersonese when he was assassinated by Ptolemy Keraunos near LysimachiaSeptember (281 BC). Antiochus was from an upper noble family. Nel 293 a.C., nominò il figlio Antioco I vice-re. https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seleuco_I&oldid=117110048, Voci con modulo citazione e parametro pagine, Errori di compilazione del template Albero genealogico, Voci biografiche con codici di controllo di autoritÃ, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. He grew up with the king's son, Alexander, and became Alexander's close associate during his expedition through Persia. Antiochus (flourished 4th century BC, name in Greek: о Αντίοχος) was a Macedonian man who lived during the time of Philip II of Macedon (ruled 359-336 BC). During the next 9 years Seleucus strengthened his eastern borders and crossed the Indus River and invaded India. At the great marriage ceremony at Susa in the spring of 324 BC, Seleucus formally married Apama, and she later bore him at least two legitimate daughters (Laodice and Apama) and a son (Achaeus). Membro dell'entourage del reggente Perdicca, fece parte del complotto dei diadochi che lo assassinarono nel 321 a.C. In 302 Seleucus marched against Antigonus and entered Phrygia. His father was probably called Seleucus, his brother was called Ptolemy and he probably had a nephew called Seleucus. È in questo anno che si fa normalmente iniziare l'impero dei Seleucidi. Figlio di un generale macedone chiamato Antioco, seguì Alessandro Magno nella sua campagna d'Asia nel 333 a.C. Dopo essersi distinto in India nel 326 a.C., .mw-parser-output .chiarimento{background:#ffeaea;color:#444444}.mw-parser-output .chiarimento-apice{color:red}fu nominato chiliarca[senza fonte]. During the next 9 years Seleucus strengthened his eastern borders and crossed the Indus River and invaded India. Seleucus was born in ca. Seleucus' mother was supposedly called Laodice, but nothing else is known of her. Antiochus … As a teenager, Seleucus was chosen to serve as the king's page In 334 BC as a young man, Seleucus accompanied Alexander into Asia. When royalist uprisings in Asia threatened Seleucus's insecure power, out of necessity he summoned Antigonus's assistance. Genealogy profile for Seleucus Seleucus (b. Historian Junianus Justinus claims he was one of Philip II of Macedon's generals. From being governor of Babylon, Seleucus rose to power and founded the Seleucid Empire covering most of the territory conquered by Alexander in the Near East. Seleucus, like the other four principal Macedonian chiefs, assumed the title and style of basileus (king). Macedonian general who accompanied Alexander the Great on his campaign to India. His father, Antiochus, was a lesser nobleman from Europus in Lower Macedonia, of the warrior class of the hetairoi (“companions”) of the king. Nel 312 a.C., batté Demetrio I Poliorcete, figlio di Antigono, a Gaza, e recuperò il suo dominio, aggiungendovi la Media e la Susiana (l'attuale KhÅ«zestān). Seleucus was born in the Province of Upper Macedonia in Orestis, the son of a retainer of Philip II of Macedon. In 312 BC he regained Babylon from the Antigonid empire and safely held it while Antigonus tried to retrieve it (until 309 BC). Seleuco Nicatore (in greco antico: Σέλευκος Νικάτωρ, Séleukos Nikátōr; Europo, 358 a.C. circa – Lisimachia, 281 a.C.), chiamato nella storiografia moderna Seleuco I, è stato un sovrano macedone antico. Macedonian general who accompanied Alexander the Great on his campaign to India. Antiochus is not, however, mentioned in any other sources and nothing is known of his supposed career under Philip. Having previously served as an infantry general under Alexander the Great, he eventually assumed the title of basileus and established the Seleucid Empire over much of the territory in the Near East which Alexander had conquered. He originally came from Orestis, Macedonia. La morte di Peithon, creò l'opportunità per Seleuco I Nicatore di tornare ad essere satrapo di Babilonia[3]. Later, Seleucus named a number of cities after his parents. Antiochus II Theos, king of the Seleucid dominions in the Middle East, who succeeded his father, Antiochus I, in 261 bc and spent much of his reign at war with Egypt, recovering much territory in Anatolia. (reigned 305–281 B.C.) In the following spring he allied once again with the "separatist generals" Ptolemy, Cassander, and Lysimachus, and at Ipsus in a heated battle he defeated and killed Antigonus. Fu prima diadoco di Alessandro Magno e poi primo sovrano dell'impero seleucide, che da lui prese il nome. Seleucus was the son of Antiochus, a general of Philip II of Macedonia, the father of Alexander the Great. Lysimachus had become king of Macedonia after 288, but quickly made himself unpopular, not least by executing his son and heir. Nota: la linea tratteggiata indica il matrimonio, Seleukos Nikator: Constructing a Hellenistic Kingdom. Prabook is a registered trademark of World Biographical Encyclopedia, Inc. Seleucus I was a Macedonian general, a Companion of Alexander the Great, king of Babylonia and Syria, and founder of the Seleucid empire and dynasty. (reigned 305–281 B.C.) Seleucus once again allied himself with Ptolemy and Lysimachus. Lysimachus, however, took Macedonia for himself, and Seleucus turned against him. His … - Seleucus of Macedonia, stadion Seleucus 8 - son of Mnesiptolemus; a composer of "merry songs", early 2nd century B.C. In 305 BC, after the extinction of the old royal line of Macedonia, Seleucus, like the other four principal Macedonian chiefs, assumed the title and style of King. It replaced ancient Babylon and became an eastern outpost of Greek civilization-a major entrepôt blending Greeks, Babylonians, and Jews. But with Lysimachus, the ruler of Thrace & Macedonia, gone another prize loomed on the horizon. Scramble for the Throne When Alexander died in 323, Seleucus ranked well below the leading "successors. " Seleucus now held the whole of Alexander's conquests except Egypt and moved to take possession of Macedonia and Thrace. Also, Agathocles of Sicily declared himself king around the same time. In Asia Minor, Antigonus rapidly gained more power, and leaders in Media and Susiana also sought to overthrow Seleucus. Demetrius was born in 2000, in British Columbia, Canada. ), son of Antiochus (one of Philip's generals), fought in the Companion cavalry and later became commander of the … Nel 283 a.C., si liberò prima di Demetrio Poliorcete, fatto prigioniero due anni prima nella campagna per conquistare la Caria e la Cilicia, e poi di Lisimaco nella battaglia di Corupedio del 281 a.C., aggiungendo così ai suoi domini la parte occidentale dell'Asia Minore, la Tracia, la Grecia e la Macedonia. Antigonus, however, remained a threat and regained Palestine. It replaced ancient Babylon and became an eastern outpost of Greek civilization—a major entrepôt blending Greeks, Babylonians, and Jews. In seguito Seleuco estese il suo impero fino all'Indo, ma non riuscì a sottomettere il Punjab, dopo la guerra contro il re indiano Chandragupta, a cui dovette cedere parte dell'Arachosia e della Gedrosia (l'attuale Belucistan). From 311 on, Seleucus retained Babylonia. Seleucus participated in the conquest of the Persian empire as one of Alexander’s officers, and in 326 bce he commanded the Macedonian infantry against King Porus of … Seleucus took his future wife, the Sogdian princess Apama (daughter of Spitamenes), with him as his mistress into India, where she gave birth to his eldest son and successor Antiochus I Soter (325 BC). Antiochus married a Macedonian woman called Laodice and in about 358 BC Laodice bore Antiochus a son Seleucus I Nicator, who became a general of Alexander the Great and later founded and became the first king of the Seleucid Empire; she also bore him a daughter, Didymeia. 4th century BC) was a Macedonian man who lived during the time of Philip II of Macedon (ruled 359-336 BC). When Antipater, the new royal regent, died in 319, Antigonus sought greater power and larger realms. In occasione della seconda divisione dell'impero che avvenne nello stesso anno, ricevette la satrapia di Babilonia. Cleopatra was born in 1950, in Ash Shatibi, Al Iskandariyah, Egypt. After Alexander’s death in 321, Seleucus assumed the office of regent after the murder of Perdiccas. Nel 305 a.C., con l'estinzione della linea reale macedone, si proclamò re. The kingship went jointly to Alexander's epileptic and half-witted half brother, Philip Arrhidaeios, and the unborn child carried by Alexander's Bactrian wife, Rhoxana. Seleucus was the son of Antiochus, a general of Philip II of Macedonia, the father of Alexander the Great. With him was the eldest son of Ptolemy I, Ptolemy Keraunos, who continually intrigued against his father and against Seleucus. River Euphrates beside Dura Europos Dura Europos was founded in 303 BC by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander's generals, on the west bank of the River Euphrates. It is said that when Alexander crossed the Hydaspes river on a boat, he was accompanied by Perdiccas, Ptolemy I Soter, Lysimachus and also Seleucus. In the spring of 281 Seleucus set out to conquer Asia Minor and to defeat Lysimachus. Seleucus had 20 siblings: Antiochus Syria, Laodice Syria and 18 other siblings. Late in live Seleucus was given an unexpected chance to reunite most of Alexander’s empire. Seleucus, wishing to overthrow his perpetual subordination, turned on Perdikkas and joined in his assassination. The son of a Macedonian nobleman, Seleucus was born between 358 and 354 B. C. in Macedonia, then ruled by Philip II. He developed his army and the bureaucracy and built new cities during a humane and able kingship. Seleucus now had a chance to achieve a goal that had eluded all of his former comrades in arms: the reunification of all of Alexander's empire. Securing a Power Base In 311 Seleucus founded Seleucia on the Tigris as his new capital. In Babylonia, Seleucus ruled a tight, efficient government modeled upon the earlier Persian absolutism. 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