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It was apparent that the Latter-day Saints could not make it to the Great Basin that season and would have to winter on the Missouri River. Some of the poorer travelers used handcarts for this purpose, pushing or pulling them across hundreds of miles of varied terrain. STUDY. 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An American Exodus. Furthermore, the Mormon migration included entire families and clans in large areas. On July 24, Young first saw the valley from a "sick" wagon driven by his friend Wilford Woodruff. The Mormon Trail from Ft. Kearney to Salt Lake City generally remained the same throughout its use. Gravity. It greatly contributed to the westward expansion and played a large role in forming the western United States. The Mormon Trailor Mormon PioneerTrailis the 1,300 mile route that members of the Latter Day Saint movementtraveled from 1846-1857. Young also organized a vanguard company to break trail to the Rocky Mountains, evaluate trail conditions, find sources of water, and select a central gathering point in the Great Basin. During John Taylor's mission to England, generous Saints in the area contributed over $2,000 in gold … [2], By 1849, many of the Latter-day Saints who remained in Iowa or Missouri were poor and unable to afford the costs of the wagon, teams of oxen, and supplies that would be required for the trip. At Fort Bridger, the Mormon Trail diverged from the Oregon and California Trail. This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Santa Fe Trail Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Santa Fe Trail which was a commercial route connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico from 1821 to 1880. Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints do not drink tea, coffee, alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or take illegal drugs. [2][10], Young met mountain man Jim Bridger on June 28. The Mormon Trail stretched for about 1,300 miles (2,100 kilometers). This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. He led the Mormons to Utah in 1846-1847. PLAY. The Mormon Trail was the route that the Mormons took to their new home in the West in the mid-1800s. Led by Jason Lee, its members joined a party headed by New England merchant Nathaniel Wyeth. The pioneers mostly traveled the Mormon trail by foot as they pushed handcarts or drove wagons pulled by a team of oxen to carry their meager possessions. Use of the Mormon Trail stopped in 1869 with the driving of the “golden spike” at Promontory Point, Utah, for the transcontinental railroad. To find out more, see our, The Mormon Trail Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com. They could carry about 500 pounds (227 kg), most of this weight consisting of trail provisions and a few personal possessions. Young originally planned to lead an express company of about 300 men to the Great Basin during the summer of 1846. After 1860, the church began sending wagon companies east each spring, to return to Utah in the summer with the emigrating Latter-day Saints. The initial party reached the Missouri River on June 14. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. In November 1978, Congress established the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail as part of the National Trails System, which commemorates the 1846-47 journey of the Mormon people from Nauvoo, Illinois to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mormon Trail Center at Historic Winter Quarters, National Historic Trails Interpretive Center, "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sugar Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Richardson's Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chariton River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Locust Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Nishnabotna River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Grand Encampment", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Council Bluffs", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Platte River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Loup Fork", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Kearny", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Confluence Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Ash Hollow", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chimney Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Scotts Bluff", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Laramie", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Upper Platte (Mormon) Ferry", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sweetwater River", "Ninth Crossing of the Sweetwater (Burnt Ranch)", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Independence Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Devil's Gate", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Martin's Cove", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Green River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Bridger", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Bear River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / The Needles", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Echo Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Big Mountain", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Golden Pass Road", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Emigration Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Salt Lake Valley", "Gathering the Dispersed Nauvoo Saints, 1847–52", "Following the Wagon Wheels of the Latter-Day Saints", National Park Service site on the Mormon trail, Photos and history of the trail in Wyoming, National Mormon National Trail itinerary in Iowa, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Water Trail, Mississippi River Water Trail (MRWT) Great River Water Trail, Missouri National Recreational River Water Trail, Historic sites of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mormon_Trail&oldid=995067819, National Historic Trails of the United States, Units of the National Landscape Conservation System, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:31. STUDY. Mormons traveling along the Mormon Trail commonly used wagons to transport their worldly goods. Furthermore, few people carried adequate provisions for the trip. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake Valley in 1846-1847. [8], In April 1847, chosen members of the vanguard company gathered, final supplies were packed, and the group was organized into 14 military companies. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. They were generally six to seven feet (183 to 213 cm) long, wide enough to span a narrow wagon track, and could be alternately pushed or pulled. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois, which was the principal settlement of the Latter Day Saints from 1839 to 1846, to Salt Lake City, Utah, which was settled by Brigham Young and his followers beginning in 1847. Two of the handcart companies, led by James G. Willie and Edward Martin, met disaster on the trail when they departed late and were caught by heavy snowstorms in Wyoming. Resources created by teaching professionals. Not ready to purchase a subscription? Mormon Trail History. Mormon Trail. In all, the Mormon Trail stretched about 1,300 miles. Take a tour of the Mormon trail by following this map of The Pioneer Story. [7], Some of the emigrants established a settlement called Kanesville (present-day Council Bluffs) on the Iowa side of the river. For some families, it took 100 days just to traverse around 1,000 miles of distance. The main area of Mormons in the United States. The small sick detachment lagged behind the larger group, and a scouting division was created to move farther ahead on the designated route. The earlier groups used covered wagons pulled by oxen to carry their supplies across the country. The Mormon lifestyle is similar to ours but can differ in many ways from history, beliefs, marriage, diets, and branches of the religion and even care plans. The Mormon Trail refers to the route the Mormons took after their expulsion from Nauvoo, Illinois, in February 1846. • The first wagons left Nauvoo and crossed the Mississippi River on Feb. 4, 1846. The trip would take anywhere from 4 to 7 months for a pioneer family to complete and preparing for the trip took over a year. A militia and night guard were formed. The total length of the Oregon Trail was over 2,000 miles. A work party was sent ahead to build a road through the mountains. If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source. The Mormon Trail covers about 1,300 miles from its starting point Nauvoo, Illinois, to its end in Salt Lake City, Utah. Death and Hardship on the Mormon Trail . T he Utah portion of the Old Mormon Trail remains the best-known and most famous section of the several emigrant trails (which total more than 10,000 miles) used by the Mormons in their migrations during the nineteenth century.. Learn. Sign Up. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. Learn about important points along the Mormon Trail through place descriptions, maps, and journal entries from pioneers who experienced the journey. Click to download the free sample version, This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Many attacks and robberies were carried out by these mountain travelers under the guise of Indians. Finally, with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869, future emigrants were able to travel by rail, and the era of the Mormon pioneer trail came to an end.[18]. Use of the Mormon Trail stopped in 1869 with the driving of the “golden spike” at Promontory Point, Utah, for the transcontinental railroad. Farming the uncultivated land was initially difficult, as the shares broke when they tried to plow the dry ground. The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail traces the route that Brigham Young and his followers took when relocating the headquarters for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints’. Santa Fe Trail Worksheets. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. In 1978 the U.S. National Park Service designated the route a … In March, 2010, the 100 millionth copy of the Book of Mormon was printed. The Mormon Trail was a 1,300 mile path from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City Utah, used between 1846 and 1857 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). The Mormon Trail is the trail that was traveled by nearly 70,000 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (or Mormon Church) between the years of 1846 and 1869. Mormons settled there after traveling west. Not being affected by fads or trends. The Mormon trail was almost 1,300 miles long and crossed great plains, rugged lands, and the Rocky Mountains. Many headed off on trails that came off the Oregon Trail and headed to Utah and California. Afterward, they came by railroad, continuing the resettlement until 1890. It encompassed parts of five … Test. As the vanguard company traveled through the rugged mountains, they divided into three sections. The first segment began in Nauvoo and ended in Winter Quarters, near modern-day Omaha, Nebraska. On the other hand, the poor Mormon travelers, which consisted of around 3,000 people, used hand carts for the same purpose, pulling and pushing them through long miles of rough terrain. So with some help from The Mormon Book of Lists, we're providing you with this collection of little-known facts about the early Saints in hopes that you'll take some time to remember, celebrate, and thank God for the courageous men and women who came before us. Other Facts About the Mormon Trail --The trail was about 1,300 miles, roughly half the distance of the Oregon Trail --When the Morman Trail followed the same path as the Oregon Trail, the Mormons travelled on the north side of the Platte River, while those on the Oregon trail stayed on the south side, in order to avoid competition for food and supplies You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards. They apparently turned north at the canyon mouth, then headed west, crossing Red Butte Creek a… [2], As the senior apostle of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after Joseph Smith's death, Brigham Young assumed responsibility of the leadership of the church. Built with all over the world Copyright © 1999–2020This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Not the first wagons left Nauvoo and passed across the state of Iowa,,! 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