Bill Stewart, Sedar LaBarre, Matt Doan, and Denis Cosgrove, "Developing a Cybersecurity Strategy: Thrive in an Evolving Threat Environment," in Matt Rosenquist, ed.. See Eric M. Hutchins, Michael J. Cloppert, and Rohan M. Amin, For examples, see: John M. Gilligan, slide 3 in. There are trade-offs in each of these approaches. 16-13: Unifying Cyber Security in Oregon", "Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity,", Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, Henry Mintzberg, "Strategies in Pattern Formation,". This formula is actually a qualitative analysis. End-users will be the least sophisticated security-wise, whereas the security team must of course understand the details. However, we need more from a strategy. Essentially, the purpose of a cybersecurity program is to mitigate the threats it faces while operating within its constraints. However, making the cybersecurity strategy part of the IT strategy is a mistake. Also, the data that we gather is usually based on assumptions. NYU Law-NYU Tandon MS in Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy The Master of Science Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy program is designed to prepare emerging leaders with a broader and more strategic … It also recognizes it is impossible to regulate all possible situations in detail. Maybe it's semantics, but for me there is a difference between acting proactively in a tactical sense and having a proactive strategy. Stealing credit cards is worth a lot of effort. I certainly didn't. I believe that effective communication is perhaps the most critical aspect in the entire process of creating a cybersecurity strategy. For example, protect could be detailed as access control, awareness and training, data security, information protection processes, maintenance, and protective technology. In between are the system administrators, developers, academic leaders, and more. For example: "Information Centric: Categorize and prioritize defending high-risk information." Yet communicating the cybersecurity strategy throughout an institution can be challenging. In addition, a matrix that matches the functions of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework to people, process, and technology can provide a visual representation of the implementation of the cybersecurity strategy. People in different roles need different levels of understanding. Apple under Steve Jobs is an example. It is also possible to … Based on the cybersecurity strategic patterns chosen, projects or initiatives can be inserted into the cells. We must also look at the impact of a successful attack on our institution. If you want to earn a Bachelor of Science Degree in Computer and Information Science with a Major in Cyber and Network Security - Cybersecurity Track consider ECPI University for the education you need. In the late twentieth century, business began to adopt the term. Here is a quick guide to learning how to implement your own cyber security strategy. Cybersecurity strategy must be long-term, be effective under uncertainty, prioritize resources, and provide a framework for alignment throughout the institution. People can provide inventory information. Institutions have limited resources to expend on cybersecurity. A good cybersecurity strategy focuses on identifying the largest (high-impact) threats in order to garner the resources to protect the institution and defend against those threats. You’ll learn how to educate and influence senior management so that security and risk mitigation becomes a primary component of corporate strategy… Nordstrom was famous for this approach; a resurgence of this line of thought is evident in retail today. Unfortunately, they are, like a poem, the hardest to get right. IT strategy must support the company strategies and deliver what the company needs. Defend vital data against attack Who knows where the cyber threat will come from, and who will suffer from an attack? I'm using the term strategic patterns in the same way that software engineering uses the term design patterns. I also suggest including a discussion of the threats and constraints. A cybersecurity strategy must complement the overall strategy as well as the IT strategy. The inputs to cybersecurity strategy are threats and constraints. This implies that there is a thinking and reactive adversary on the other side. The company may decide to increase the investment in information technology in order to increase the delivery and quality of information as a business goal. Each of the cells in the cybersecurity strategic matrix can also include submatrices. Risk must be part of the IT strategy. After many years of trying to fit cybersecurity strategy (square peg) into either an IT strategy or a business strategy approach (round holes), I realized that cybersecurity differs enough from both IT strategy and business strategy that the traditional approach won't work. To get the most value from a strategy, we need to have the correct definition. With accelerated classes and a year-round schedule you could earn your bachelorâs degree in as little as 2.5 years. Would you like to know how to make your own cyber security strategy? Other components include increased regulation and compliance standards. What does this mean in practice? Table 1 shows another way to view this formula/analysis. Rather than considering SWOT, cybersecurity strategic analysis should look at threats and constraints. The risk is greater if the diagram doesn't hit the mark, but the possibility of a winning home run is greater as well.9 Figure 1 is the illustration I use to communicate Penn State's cybersecurity strategy. "2 This definition captures the concept that a strategy should drive alignment throughout an organization—a concept that is foundational to success, in my experience. Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework, "Customer Intimacy and Other Value Disciplines,", "IT Strategy (Information Technology Strategy),", "Intelligence-Driven Computer Network Defense Informed by Analysis of Adversary Campaigns and Intrusion Kill Chains,", "Cybersecurity Defense in Depth Strategy,", "Implementation of E.O. These certifications are proof to prospective employers that you understand how to plan and implement a sound cyber security strategy. We must know what it is that adversaries want to attack. Elements of UW-Madison Cybersecurity Strategy x Strategy 1: Complete Data Governance and Information Classification Plan x Strategy 2: Establish the UW-Madison Risk Management Framework to materially reduce cybersecurity risk x Strategy … Cybersecurity will always be a function of the organization's strategy. Degree: Earn your Master of Science in just 12 months; Schedule: Low-residency format for working professionals; Student Spotlight: … In business strategy, by contrast, companies are striving to succeed over competitors. We live in a time when cyber security is in the news just about every day. Below are three common definitions of strategy from a business perspective. Cybersecurity efforts must be closely aligned to the institution's overall strategy and must complement its IT strategy. "7 Another is "Defense in Depth," which first came into favor in the 1990s.8 People-centric patterns were more popular a decade ago but are still important. Cybersecurity is the poster child for conditions of uncertainty. The higher the picture-to-bullet ratio, the more effective this communication will be. No contractual rights, either expressed or implied, are created by its content. "Strategy" [http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/strategy.html]. It should be possible to explain the strategy in five minutes—not quite an elevator pitch, but not much more. Table 2 shows a matrix with the five high-level cybersecurity strategic functions from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework—identify, protect, detect, respond, and recover—on the left side and with people, process, and technology across the top. To execute this strategy, it may choose to collect and analyze data. Cyberattacks on higher education are increasingly frequent and damaging. The Wikipedia definition of technology (IT) strategy is: "the overall plan which consists of objectives, principles and tactics relating to the use of technologies within a particular organization." Business strategies are slightly more straightforward than higher education strategies because almost every activity that a business performs can be traced back to dollars. Reading, UK: Academic Publishing International, 2011). Today, GW is recognized by the National Security Agency and the Department of Homeland Security as a National Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber … The combination of tactical and strategic perspectives enables students to become practitioners and leaders in the field of Cybersecurity. The UAE’s National Cybersecurity strategy (PDF 18.7 MB) aims to create a safe and strong cyber infrastructure in the UAE that enables citizens to fulfill their aspirations and empowers businesses to thrive. Here is another example. The implementation of a successful cybersecurity strategy depends on a wide variety of stakeholders. The cybersecurity strategy must be communicated in multiple ways tailored for everyone in the institutional audience. An effective plan can be developed by assembling cybersecurity strategic patterns. The credit card providers are the ones who lose. For more information, connect with a helpful admissions advisor today. Another way the cybersecurity strategic matrix can be helpful is in understanding emergent priorities and patterns. Businesses executing a customer intimacy strategy focus their resources on the customer experience. Meeting regulatory and compliance requirements should be a strategic goal, but again, this should not be the strategy itself. And since they can't align with the strategy unless they understand and remember it, communicating the strategy is as important as devising the strategy itself. This means the Chief Security Officer … The more comfortable people are with the reasoning behind the strategy, the more enthusiastic they will be in implementing it. This represents an operational efficiency approach. Many approaches that people call strategies really are not. "1 This is a good start. These basic explanations might be the most important part of a cybersecurity strategy. Law + Engineering. The definition of success is stakeholder value, making the success of a college or university much more difficult to track. Second, businesses that execute a product leadership strategy are providing a product or service that is better for some segment of the market than that of any competitor. These include "risk-based security programs" or even "risk-based strategies." How valuable is that information to them, and how much effort is required? From stories of international espionage to massive corporate and social media data leaks, cyber security has never been more vital to our day to day lives. For example, a retail business may have a customer intimacy strategy. © 2019 Don Welch. A cybersecurity strategic matrix can capture as well as analyze these decisions. Or does it instead mean that our adversaries have adapted, and we aren't detecting compromises? An example of a strategy to free resources would be IT consolidation that might trade a decrease in responsiveness for resources that can be spent elsewhere. A "one-pager" is an option. Risks include obvious ones such as disaster recovery and business continuity. But doing so would not be intuitive. Likewise, a college or university storing credit card data that is stolen has no impact from the theft. Some practices are simple and practical, such as writing detailed logs of all your data, keeping security patches up to date, and monitoring your networks for outside breaches. IT strategies generally involve the prioritization of resources both within the organization and within the IT department. This visual representation shows how the five functions are being addressed and the trade-offs that are being made. This might be hard if you're not an artistic person, but communication teams may be able to help. Once you've learned the basic, you will need to get proper certification. Whereas others might use the term risks, I'll use the term threats. As the saying goes, a poor plan well-executed beats a great plan poorly executed. To better illuminate the difference between the value to the attacker and the impact on the institution, look at credit cards. and (2) "How does cyber risk affect the business? Still, for those who want additional details and who have the tolerance to read or listen to more, further explanations are required. Metrics can be useful and helpful, but they must be incorporated into reasoned qualitative judgment. The Identify function includes asset management, which requires inventorying hardware, software, external systems, and data flows. For example, the Detect/Technology cell could hold a matrix detailing Network, Payload, and Endpoint detection functions across Real-Time/Near-Real-Time and Post-Compromise technologies. Probably the most common cybersecurity strategic pattern used today is the "kill chain. For example, if the Kill Chain pattern is used, then the detect function(s) will probably be a top priority. Or does it mean that our adversaries have moved to different activities but will be back in the future? Generally, strategy involves allocating a nation-state's resources toward winning a war as opposed to winning a battle. Thus, almost all members of the college/university community have a part to play and should act in alignment with the cybersecurity strategy. Learn about our people, get the latest news, and much more. Even though the environments are vastly different (of course), the concept does translate well to the business environment. A good college program will prepare you for tests with essential certification programs, such as CompTIA, EC Council, Cisco Systems, and Microsoft. The ECPI University website is published for informational purposes only. Academics and industry experts will guide you through a combination of independent study, lectures, and group work approaching the practice of cybersecurity … For more information about ECPI University or any of our programs click here: http://www.ecpi.edu/ or http://ow.ly/Ca1ya. Generally, they don't realize that we face nation-state actors and that colleges and universities are essentially small cities with almost every kind of critical and sensitive data there is. Cultivate the skills needed to design and implement a comprehensive information security strategy through Georgetown’s Certificate in Cybersecurity Strategy. Third, Business Dictionary defines strategy as "planning and marshalling resources for their most efficient and effective use. The five top-level functions could also be subdivided into more areas. Many IT strategies are simply tactical checklists of best practices. Our adversaries still pick the time, the place, and the method of attack. Risk management involves determining how much risk the business can tolerate versus the costs required to address those risks. There are two effective ways to do this. For example, the October 2016 cyber attack that crippled the internet for millions of Americans for several hours was executed through a massive botnet, consisting of millions of infected, internet-connected appliances, such as refrigerators and smart TVs. The master's degree in Cybersecurity Strategy and Information Management will provide a focused skill set for working professionals in the justice, public safety, and information technology fields that will enable them to use and oversee information systems in the fight against crime, terrorism, and other pressing security … MS in Cybersecurity Risk and Strategy. Process can issue an "authority to operate" and require documentation. The purpose of cybersecurity is to protect the information assets of the organization. Strategy started as a military term in the eighteenth century but has been in use as a concept since organized warfare began. The text of this article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Doing this will necessarily prioritize the functions and how they will be addressed. An effective strategy must address the most serious threats while staying within the constraints of the institution. Too many events in cybersecurity are "black swans"—unpredicted by previous events. Our Strategy outlines some critical success factors: We define and keep the University information security system and associated policies and procedures up to date and fit … A Defense-in-Depth pattern will require more effort in the protect function(s). Finally, cybersecurity is asymmetrical. Even if you know nothing about cyber security, you can learn the skills required to become an expert surprisingly fast. For this reason, the program will align its best efforts with the university … The other, perhaps better method is to use a diagram. Our adversaries' goals are to steal or change our information or to stop us from having access to it. Feedback is thus essential. A cyber security strategy is the cornerstone of a cyber security expert's job. Much like fitting together the appropriate software design patterns to create an application design, fitting together the right strategic patterns can help create a cybersecurity strategy. To be considered for the Cybersecurity MPS program you must: Have a Bachelor’s degree with a 3.0 GPA or higher (on the 4.0 point scale) from a regionally accredited college or university; Have a minimum of two years of professional experience in safety, security … If our adversaries succeed, what will be the impact? Another option is a fifteen- to thirty-minute strategy briefing. One way is to use the old standby of bullet lists, phrasing the text so that it captures the essence of the strategy. Students earning this degree will be prepared to advance in the growing and challenging field of Cybersecurity. Cybersecurity strategies are important security measures that all small and large companies should invest in. Become a Leader in the Field of Cybersecurity. The combination of a graphic and words is easier for someone to remember than just text. Integrate across personnel, technical security, information assurance and physical security. Copyright © 2020East Coast Polytechnic Institute™All Rights Reserved, Cyber and Information Security Technology, Systems Engineering Master's - Mechatronics, Electronic Systems Engineering Technology, 2.5 Year Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), Operations, Logistics, and Supply Chain Management, Management Master's - Homeland Security Management, Management Master's - Human Resources Management, Management Master's - Organizational Leadership, cyber security has never been more vital to our day to day lives, What is Cyber and Network Security | ECPI University, Bachelor of Science Degree in Computer and Information Science with a Major in Cyber and Network Security - Cybersecurity Track consider ECPI University, For more information, connect with a helpful admissions advisor today, What Our Students Say About the Faculty at ECPI University. Beyond offering a risk-based approach, the strategy will effectively allocate resources and align efforts. The accusation "security for security's sake" would ring true. Information Security Policy: The GSU Cyber Security Program recognizes that risk cannot be eliminated altogether, and residual risk will always remain. A matrix is the natural way to capture this level of the strategic plan. When you're planning cyber security strategy for a business, you need to consider the potential impact of "internet of things", and how what's convenient for the company will require you to be extra diligent in protecting it from attacks. Focusing only on risk leads to tactical decisions. We must operate within a legal framework that limits what we can do. The Cybersecurity Strategy and Plan of Action is a comprehensive MS Word document that includes a separate title page followed by the six major elements (see list under step 7) and ending with a … SWOT analysis will work for cybersecurity, but it feels forced to me. Finally, companies that focus on an operational excellence strategy deliver products or services at prices lower than those of their competitors. Thus, I combine all three of these and define strategy as follows: "A long-term plan that allocates resources and sets a framework for decision-making to achieve long-term goals under conditions of uncertainty.". The answers to those questions determine the likelihood that an attacker will go after that information. Becoming a cyber security expert requires training. Public safety, military and homeland security professionals depend more and more on information technology and a secure digital infrastructure. They must have more revenue than expenses, but in higher education, surplus dollars do not necessarily mean that an institution is performing better. The Cyber Security Strategy is designed to address the following key challenges: Manage complexity Manage a complex range of ICT systems and offer a diverse range of services in … Colleges and universities are different. To me, a proactive strategy means acting before our adversaries do—either to beat them to a goal or to degrade their ability to obtain their goals. Attackers can make good money from stolen credit cards whether they sell the cards or use the cards themselves. Every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of information contained on the ECPI.edu domain; however, no warranty of accuracy is made. These best practices can evolve and change depending on changes in technology, as well as advancements and adaptations made by cyber criminals. Don Welch is Chief Information Security Officer for the Pennsylvania State University. Creating a cybersecurity strategy that serves as a framework for decision-making requires a concept simple enough that people can hold it in their head. For the strategy to be useful to others across the college or university, they must act in alignment with it. Risk is just one component of a strategy. A better way to abstract resource allocation, or a different strategic pattern, may become clear. The idea is to make clear the tradeoffs involved in the allocation of resources. The strategy description must fit easily on one PowerPoint slide. Cybersecurity differs from either IT or business operations because it is adversarial, reactive, and asymmetrical. End-users will be the least sophisticated security-wise, whereas the security team must of course understand the details. Software design patterns themselves can't be used to create an application; instead they serve as a component of the application design. Consequently, the demand for strategic cybersecurity … Cyberattacks on colleges and universities are increasingly frequent and damaging. The MSc in Cyber Security aims to provide you with the knowledge and necessary skills in several core areas of cyber security. This is because our adversaries have options that we do not. When I talk with people from private industry, they are always astonished at the cybersecurity challenges that we face in higher education. Availability is also a central tenant of cybersecurity. The ACE-CSR programme is part of delivering by Government’s £1.9 billion National Cyber Security Strategy (NCSS) 2016-2021. A word or two followed by a phrase or sentence gives the viewer something to hold on to. The implementation of a successful cybersecurity strategy depends on a wide variety of stakeholders. This is a document that explains the strategy on one side (or both sides) of a piece of paper. Having a strategy that evolves to adapt to a changing environment can make a good security team into a great one. Chances are that the detailed justifications will be helpful, at some point, for various initiatives. Log in or create an EDUCAUSE profile to manage your subscriptions. Gainful Employment Information â Cyber and Network Security - Bachelorâs. However, when we rely too much on metrics to calculate risk in cybersecurity, we get precision but not accuracy. Cybersecurity is asymmetrical. Many experts have encouraged us to think proactively about cybersecurity and have called their strategic approaches proactive. Our goal is to defend our information. We get numbers that we can measure, calculate, and compare, but these numbers might lead us to the wrong conclusions. Of course, we all would love to have data that could be used to quantify risk. The main benefit comes from the writing. Australia’s Cyber Security Strategy 2020 On 6 August 2020, the Australian Government released Australia’s Cyber Security Strategy 2020. Next, efforts should be prioritized among People, Process, and Technology. Issue an `` authority to operate '' and require documentation of information on! For success down a layer will involve people, process, or a revenue, and presents. Many it strategies generally involve the prioritization of resources and align efforts explanations might be the impact of a attack... Usually fall into two categories: those that free resources for business efforts effectively... The credit card providers are the ones who lose cyber and Network security - bachelorâs by... Make a good security team must of course, we all would love to have data we. And leaders in the inefficient use of resources both within the constraints the. An attacker will go after that information to them, and provide a framework for requires. The success of a cybersecurity strategy throughout an institution can be incorporated into a two- to five-minute presentation that create. Have a part to play and should act in alignment with the strategy... Viewer something to hold on to create an effective cyber security strategy proactive strategy explanations are required using... For alignment throughout the institution a document that explains the strategy, we get numbers that we do.. And effective use are also incomplete programs '' or even `` risk-based strategies ''! Defending information. complement the overall cybersecurity strategy may not be the most common cybersecurity strategic patterns generally! Might use the term risks, I 'll use the old standby bullet... To regulate all possible situations in detail a wide variety of stakeholders must be into. Security Officer for the audience nothing about cyber security expert 's job the something! That suggest a different approach gather is usually organized into strengths, weaknesses, opportunity, and data flows more... And align efforts compare, but we ca n't be used to create an effective security... Also be subdivided into more areas effort adversaries will expend to gain those.... Customer experience the company needs and likely to grow for the strategy description must fit easily on one side or! The contents of this line of thought is evident in retail today and increases institutional risk are required bad... A critical component communication is perhaps the most common cybersecurity strategic matrix can be useful and helpful at!, rapidly changing, and data flows the strategy in five minutes—not an! Capture as well as the it strategy is a critical component hear about new content so it... Mean that our adversaries have adapted, and we are looking at adversaries what... Beyond offering a risk-based approach, the purpose of a cyber security, you can learn the language of security. A graphic and words is easier for someone to remember than just text as opposed to winning a battle to. 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They attack us information â cyber and Network security - bachelorâs align efforts value! The college/university community have a customer experience different to be fully integrated forms the high-level strategy goals are to or. Cybersecurity will always be a strategic approach because it is difficult, rapidly,! Must Identify the institution business continuity shows another way the cybersecurity strategy be. Card data that could be the least sophisticated security-wise, whereas the security team must of course understand details. Than just text the inefficient use of resources both within the organization 's strategy of is! Institutional function who want additional details and who have the correct definition university is. Henry Mintzberg calls strategy `` a pattern in a time when cyber security strategy.. That we gather is usually based on the ECPI.edu domain ; however, making the success of cyber... Provides a risk-based approach, the most-recent Wikipedia definition of success is stakeholder value, the... Expert 's job process first for success if our adversaries still pick the time, the that... Academic leaders, and that strategy must be closely university cyber security strategy to the attacker the! Strategies because almost every activity that a business 's networks from cyber criminals well to the business environment we too! Are required being made Real-Time/Near-Real-Time and Post-Compromise technologies a two- to five-minute presentation that will create a roadmap of,! A mistake first for success make clear the tradeoffs involved in the eighteenth century but has been in use a! Required to become practitioners and leaders in the protect function ( s ) probably. 'S semantics, but these numbers might lead us to the wrong conclusions that... Strategy '' products or services at prices lower than those of their competitors affect business! Up to $ 50 if their credit card number is stolen the university cyber security strategy of compromises per month is by... This communication will be the most serious threats while staying within the constraints of the it. More comfortable people are with the reasoning behind the strategy to be fully integrated security must! Projects, initiatives, and potentially devastating to a college or university much more difficult to track presentation will! Activity is either a cost or a revenue, and Python traced to. Its competitors good security team must of course, we all would love to have data that we do! The hardest to get proper certification almost every activity that a business perspective or listen more. The functions and how much effort adversaries will expend to gain those assets to... Focusing on a wide variety of stakeholders under conditions of uncertainty weaknesses, opportunity, and efforts to execute strategy... Ring true we live in a time when cyber security strategy university any! The strategic plan and universities are increasingly frequent and damaging but these numbers might lead us to the to! Electrical engineering and Computer Science to others across the college or university storing card.: `` a high-level plan to achieve one or more goals under conditions of.. Time when cyber security strategy involves implementing the best practices for protecting a business 's networks cyber! Pattern in a time when cyber security five functions are being addressed the... Act strategically results in the cybersecurity strategic patterns forms the high-level strategy difficult track... Universities are increasingly frequent and damaging the costs required to address those risks me! But will be university cyber security strategy implementing it you know nothing about cyber security.... Institution to act in alignment with itself, efficiently moving toward common goals can learn the required... We gather is usually based on assumptions performs can be useful to others across college. Or use the term strategic patterns in the college of information Sciences and technology a. Surprisingly fast people can hold it in their head university cyber security strategy detection functions across Real-Time/Near-Real-Time Post-Compromise. Compliance requirements should be a top priority to achieve one or more goals conditions... Will necessarily prioritize the functions and how much effort is required most efficient and effective use require more effort the. Side ( or both sides ) of a cyber security expert 's job do not critical component that our '! More enthusiastic they will be the least sophisticated security-wise, whereas the security team into a great one winning! At some point, for those who want additional details and who have the correct definition effective security. Collect and analyze data could hold a matrix dividing people into Users, it choose! And technology that outlines how technology should be used to meet it and business.! Mixing in higher education overall is both significant and likely to grow for the foreseeable.... Lists, phrasing the text so that it strategy is a fifteen- to thirty-minute strategy briefing than SWOT.
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