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Bougainville, Papua New Guinea ... “This time, for us, we want to prove it and we want to make sure we put to rest this issue of Bougainville’s independent ideas. "That's all.". "This referendum has been on people's minds for 20 years," said Peake. Starting Nov. 23, people had … It’s not huge. STOP Bougainville independent NOW. Credit: Ben Bohane. The civil war had in part been over a dispute about the mine's management, and some predict Papua New Guinea will be reluctant to lose access to the region's valuable natural resources. Following a meeting in Port Moresby between the two Bougainville MHAs (Paul Lapun and Donatus Mola) and around 25 Bougainvilleans, a proposal was put forward in the House of Assemblyto hold a referendum to decide whether the island should remain part of Papua New Guinea, join the Solomon Islands, or become independent. Late last year, the South Pacific island region of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly for independence from Papua New Guinea, in a carefully-planned and agreed-upon referendum. It has its own parliament, its own borders and its own laws allowed under its status as the Autonomous Region of Bougainville. For the Papua New Guinea government, the debate over Bougainville's … As Papua New Guinea became independent of Australia in 1975, Bougainvilleans began to ask whether or not Bougainville would fare better on its … Updates on the world's countries and borders, Copyright © 2011-2020 Political Geography Now. Next, the Bougainville and Papua New Guinea governments will need to meet and negotiate details for a new relationship. Bougainville residents queue to vote at a polling station in an historic independence vote in Buka on November 23, 2019. Le vote découle de l'accord de paix de 2001, qui a mis fin à dix années de conflit armé sur ce territoire. 668 likes. (CNN)An autonomous region of Papua New Guinea has voted overwhelmingly to leave the country and form a new independent nation, authorities announced on Wednesday. SYDNEY, Australia — The region of Bougainville, a collection of islands in the South Pacific, has voted overwhelmingly to become independent from Papua New Guinea, aiming to … The long-awaited Bougainville independence referendum, scheduled for November 2019, has just occurred. "All along (the desire for independence) was in my blood," he said. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville is comprised of Bougainville Island and several other nearby islands in the Solomon Islands archipelago. Samedi, les 207 000 électeurs de Bougainville, un petit archipel de Papouasie–Nouvelle-Guinée, commenceront à voter lors d’un référendum d’indépendance. Graphic of the Bougainvillean flag is in the public domain (, carefully-planned and agreed-upon referendum. Bougainville's long war. The autonomous region of Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly in favour of becoming independent from Papua New Guinea, paving the way for the group of … How the situation is handled will have major implications for regional stability, particularly as China aims to pull Bougainville as a new independent nation into its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Voting information pamphlets at a polling station in the Bougainville capital Buka on November 22, 2019. Starting tomorrow (23 November), people will have two weeks to vote either for greater autonomy, or for independence. Discussions about an independent Bougainville had been held as early as 1968. Many factors will need to be considered -- for instance, the terms of trade, travel, and residence. … However, the vote indicated such an overwhelming demand for independence that Papua New Guinea may have difficulty brushing it aside, Peake said. What’s that? The republic failed to achieve any international recognition, and a settlement was reached in August 1976. Imagine this future: Bougainville as an independent state would have a population close to 300,000 people, based on the last PNG census in 2011. But for PNG it was anathema. Following a meeting in Port Moresby between the two Bougainville MHAs (Paul Lapun and Donatus Mola) and around 25 Bougainvilleans, a proposal was put forward in the House of Assembly to hold a referendum to decide whether the island should remain part of Papua New Guinea, join the Solomon Islands, or become independent. Un référendum sur l'indépendance de la Région autonome de Bougainville est organisé du 23 novembre au 7 décembre 2019 dans cette région de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée. It’s being organised by the independent Bougainville Referendum Commission, led by former Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern. The vote is a significant indicator of public sentiment, but is non-binding, and will now need to be approved by the Papua New Guinea parliament before Bougainville can become its own country. Deputy Bougainville ABG leader Raymond Masono said recently he would push for a new mining law that would nationalize the island’s resources and hand control of Panguna to his government. A former veteran who fought in the civil war, he said he had been working "around the clock" to ensure the vote could go forward -- and now "we got what we wanted.". There have long been concerns China will seek to curry influence with an independent Bougainville. The process of becoming a separate nation could take years to achieve. 4 Zhang Part B Viewpoint Papua New Guinea, known as the Independent State of Papua New Guinea or PNG for short, is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean. On September 1, 1975, however, just … Settled around 30,000 years ago, its name today comes from its first Western visitor, the French explorer Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, who arrived in 1768 (the flowering vine Bougainvillea is also named after him). It is chaired by former Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern. Bougainville, formerly an Australian colonial territory, has had a fractious relationship with Papua New Guinea since joining the country in 1976. Bougainville’s recently elected president, a former rebel commander, will now lead independence negotiations. The Pacific provides a range of unconventional forms of intra-state relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements. Acknowledging the result … There have long been concerns China will seek to curry influence with an independent Bougainville. PNG wants to keep control of the cash cow, but it would obviously be the centerpiece of an independent Bougainville’s economy. The referendum has been a long time coming. Bougainville was finally granted limited autonomy after the war ended; although it’s still part of Papua New Guinea, it also has its own parliament, president, and legislative powers. L'île de Bougainville va devenir un État indépendant 176.928 électeurs ont voté en faveur de l’indépendance, soit plus de 98% des suffrages exprimés. The Papua New Guinea government will decide if Bougainville should become fully independent, and if so, when that will happen. Bougainville Votes to Become Independent. SYDNEY (Reuters) - The South Pacific islands of Bougainville have overwhelmingly voted to be independent from Papua New Guinea, the referendum commission said on Wednesday, in … Les Bougainvilliens réagiront-ils avec violence ? It was organized by the independent Bougainville Referendum Commission, led by former Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern. The governments of PNG and Bougainville agreed to establish an independent agency, the Bougainville Referendum Commission (BRC), to conduct the referendum. The thing is that if Bougainville turns into an independent state then a precedent will come into existence that separatist forces can draw from who are speaking out for the Indonesian provinces of West Papua and Papua, … Cette paix, frui… The final decision lies with the PNG government, which must ratify Bougainville’s claim after a period of negotiation that would determine what an independent Bougainville would look like for both countries. A special two-week vote was held, and the results were clear. "People have been waiting for the opportunity to cast their vote for a long time. Some believe it could provide a revenue source for Bougainville should it become independent. Relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements moreover, noted McLeod, Bougainville is comprised of is... 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