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Start studying Pros and Cons of the House of Lords. Therefore, more and more people are talking about the House of Lords should abolish, reform or keep stay. The Lords is inferior to the Commons by convention. At present they are free to vote with their consciences as they have no need to reflect the views of an electorate. Prior to the House of Lords Act 1999, the power of the Lords had been diminished by the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 which stripped the Lords of the ability to block, or veto, adoption of most bills; at most it could delay bills for one year. The House of Commons is the lower chamber of the UK Parliament. 12 terms. In comparison with the House of Commons, the House of Lords powers are restricted. Former Labour leader Ed Miliband described how “it fails to represent large parts of the UK”. House of Lords] than that a judge should. The Conservative peer was sacked as a government adviser after voting against his party. The House has no influence on any bills relating to government finance and although it has the authority to stall any acts of parliament for up to a year, the Commons can cite the Parliament Act 1949 – an act introduced by Labour that effectively removed the delaying privileges of the Lords – to swiftly defeat any motion. The Upper House contains a large number of experts who can recognise faults in legislation. (I am married to a retired member of the Lords. House of Lords Reform. 9 terms. Its most notorious defeat was the implantation of the Poll Tax in 1988. The advantages and disadvantages have frequently been stated by Ministers in speeches, both in Parliament and in the country. Another issue with the House of Lords is that it exacerbates the problems of our “first past the post” electoral system, whose results do not reflect the reality of who the population voted for. Although the Lords cannot force the Commons to amend its legislation, it can cause so many problems with proposed changes that the Government might be forced to reconsider its proposals. djcp1. The Welfare Reform Bill of 1999- held up for several months as it was being "ping ponged" through the two Houses. The disadvantage, however, is that stare decisis can result in a lack of flexibility and an inability of the common law to adapt to changing moral, socio- economic, and political realities resulting in … Why Reform The House of Lords? Leaving the lords with a majority of nominated and no democratically elected members. The advantages and disadvantages have frequently been stated by Ministers in speeches, both in Parliament and in the country. The Lords may not amend Bills relating to taxation or government expenditure and under the Parliament Acts the amount of time given to scrutiny of the Finance Bill in the Lords is limited. Low amount of women + ethnic minorities; Way of appointment is still questionable. This is a matter of judgment which is not appropriate for a White Paper. This Briefing has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on the motion moved by Lord De Mauley (Conservative) that “this House takes note of the contribution of the armed forces reserves to national security”. Scrutiny: --Debates, Question Time and Select Committees are a strength to the HoL as they will be under a heavy scrutinisation as Lords are less partisan due to less of a party discipline. Posted by : / Posted on : November 8, 2020 / / Posted on : November 8, 2020 / More fundamentally- Lords will often seek to defend the interests of minority groups as they can stick with their own principles. . The House of Lords can be viewed as a ‘revising chamber’. The Lords where telling the Government to give further thought to the interests of several groups who were affected by this proposal. The House of Lords, formally known as The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, also known as the House of Peers and domestically usually referred to simply as the Lords, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.Membership is granted by appointment or by heredity or official function. Sometimes they do not always get the information they want (i.e. The quality of debates will be much higher because of their expertise such as the Iraq War in 2003. It presently has 731 members in total, 26 Lords Spiritual and 705 Lords Temporal. The Lords is a supposed bulwark against what Lord Hailsham called, in 1976, the "elective dictatorship" of government. Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE. Opponents of a mixed system argue that there is no basic rationale for a mixture. Select Committees do not have the power of a court of law to require people to attend or require information to be made available. This video discusses the strength and weakness of Parliament for both the House of Commons, and the House of Lords; particularly, the fact that the strengths and weaknesses largely depend on the MPs who comprise both houses. This video discusses the strength and weakness of Parliament for both the House of Commons, and the House of Lords; particularly, the fact that the strengths and weaknesses largely depend on the MPs who comprise both houses. Second, the House of Lords has almost no powers with respect to money bills – the bills through which the government’s tax and spending plans are enacted. In Britain these two legislative houses are known as House of common which is the lower house and House of Lords which is the upper house. Discuss. © Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. Disadvantages Of Delegated Legislation; Disadvantages Of Delegated Legislation. It also allowed Lords to renounce (give up) their title, as it was common they would do the job for life. Yet the Lords unimpressive record to hold its own. This commonly happens where technical matters are concerned as many former or current lawyers can recognise when the wording of legislation is unclear or difficult to apply. Quoted as "The only true opposition in the UK" (Roberts) once Blair got his 179 majority. The House of Lords can be both a strength and a weakness to the Government as whole. There is a democratic solution that squares most circles, which is a 500-strong senate elected on a national party list system. Their political clout is owed more to convention and tradition. Disadvantages Of Delegated Legislation leaving The Houses of Parliament unable to meet with the demands, thus the allowance of a second party to pass an Act (through the parenting/enabling act), both the House of Commons and the House of Lords can continue with their ever-changing workload. The size of this non-democratic but useful element would therefore be decided democratically.Philip PaveyEpsom, Surrey, • Those who demand an elected upper house should think again. Additionally, space would be reserved for appointed ‘ministerial members’ and C… The House of Lords is often praised for its consensual style, its considered approach to scrutiny and the combined knowledge of its membership. … Neighing in that house would not make a horse the worse for riding; but sitting and voting there makes a judge very much the worse for judging.”1 Writing forty years later, Bentham was no more impressed by the judicial role of the House of Lords, describing it as “a complete mockery of justice”.2 Party whips would just take over the votes if the House of Lords were to be elected” Aidan F, Iver. Insufficient Time to Call To Account (Weakness) MPs have insufficient time to call ministers to account effectively. Many of these bills affect our everyday lives, covering areas such as welfare, health and education. )Alice RentonLewes, East Sussex, • Join the debate – email guardian.letters@theguardian.com, • Read more Guardian letters – click here to visit gu.com/letters. Party whips would just take over the votes if the House of Lords were to be elected” Aidan F, Iver. This video covers: The Lords are inferior to Commons in LAW- The Parliament Act of 1911 and 1949. The results of Tom Strathclyde’s inquiry into the powers of the House of Lords was published yesterday. 9 terms. Lacks legitimacy; Disadvantages THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... History of Parliament. the arms Iraq affair), so scrutiny cannot be carried out effectively. The House of Lords today has a secondary role in the UK Parliament compared to the House of Commons: First, the government’s survival depends on support only in the House of Commons, not in the House of Lords. The balance between them will depend on the extent to which British agriculture and industry take advantage of the opportunities offered them. A government with a large majority could be … - Appointment is more cost effective than another election. Undemocratic is one of the disadvantages as neither the House of Lords or the Queen have been elected, the lords should also not be able to delay bills that have been approved by the house of commons as they have been elected. Another problematic area is the House of Lords itself; Peers are un-elected and thus the House of Lords has no democratic legitimacy, and is also not representative of the British public. In USA and Nigeria, there are House of Representatives which many people refer to as the lower house and the senate which they term as the upper house. 6 terms. The College of Heraldry, upon exercising due diligence with the Peer, will notify the GUBR of any Peers not complying with this requirement, or improperly displaying their Coat of It only needs reform. PMQ's is only 30 Minutes every week. Its powers need not change from those of the Lords. A senior lawyer accuses the government of failing to recognise the constitutional difficulties raised by its plans to reform the House of Lords. Posted by : / Posted on : November 8, 2020 / / Posted on : November 8, 2020 / The House of Lords Reform Bill announced in the Queen's Speech on 9th May 2012 provides for elected members of the House of Lords to be voted in by a different electoral system to the House of Commons, on a proportional basis (a single transferable vote system). They can scrutinise by principal rather than by instruction of whips. The Conservative peer was sacked as … The problems associated with the upper house have undergone three periods of reform since that time, with regard to both its powers and its composition. An elected upper chamber has all the disadvantages of the lower house, ie. MPs do not have the experience and training of, say, barristers in questioning witnesses in court. The House of Lords’ powers are defined in the Parliament Act of 1911 and 1949. The Bill would have created a smaller House of Lords in which a large majority of representatives would be chosen in elections by a system of proportional representation, but where a substantial minority of peers would be appointed more or less as now. Appointments (despite Independent Commissions) have been accused of cronyism (the appointment of friends and associates to positions of authority, without proper regard to their qualifications) as the PM chooses Commissioners. is made up of two Houses, the House of Lords and the House of Commons, recently, the House of Lords is always weak than the House of Commons. Lord Heseltine speaking in the House of Lords on the Brexit bill. The upper house should not be elected. Expertise- due to varied backgrounds like teacher and lawyers. Another problematic area is the House of Lords itself; Peers are un-elected and thus the House of Lords has no democratic legitimacy, and is also not representative of the British public. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. - First and foremost, the main critique is that it the House of Lords is undemocratic due to it being unelected, therefore some people say there is a lack of representation. Last modified on Tue 28 Nov 2017 04.05 GMT, Lord Speaker Norman Fowler’s letter (8 March) hailing gradual piecemeal reform of the House of Lords is persuasive, but not convincing. The value of the Lords, so well demonstrated in the votes of the past week, depends on the independence of its members. Members spend more than half their time in the House considering bills (draft laws). », Constitutional reform since 1997 has not gone far enough. Elections would coincide with those for the Commons, and mid-term vacancies filled by the next person on the relevant list. The House of Lords has always been independent and separate from the House of Commons, although their work largely complements the functions of the House of Commons. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Salisbury Convention requires the House of Lords not to reject at Second Reading any government legislation that has been passed by the Commons and that carries out a manifesto commitment. However, the Lords do hold the jurisdicti… In USA and Nigeria, there are House of Representatives which many people refer to as the lower house and the senate which they term as the upper house. Letters. House of Lords. Leaving the lords with a majority of nominated and no democratically elected members. Video Information. djcp1. © Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. … Neighing in that house would not make a horse the worse for riding; but sitting and voting there makes a judge very much the worse for judging.”1 Writing forty years later, Bentham was no more impressed by the judicial role of the House of Lords, describing it as “a complete mockery of justice”.2 Additionally, space would be reserved for appointed ‘ministerial members’ and C… The Prime Minister appoints. House of Lords Reform 2010-2015. Eg. This is a matter of judgment which is not appropriate for a White Paper. It is thus the composition of the Commons alone that decides who forms the government. a) Determination of character-The House of Lords in Daimler Co Ltd. v. … The House of Lords is composed of two categories of member: the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal. The House of Lords does not currently reflect Britain as it is today. The senate would therefore be elected by a PR system, but one which gives a lesser personal mandate to its members than MPs have. djcp1. "The cure for admiring the House of Lords was to go and look at it"[1] recalled Walter Bagehot in 1867. respects the House of Lords has over the past 40 years made the transition from the first to the second. Home / Uncategorized / house of lords act 1999 advantages and disadvantages. The powers of the modern House of Lords are extremely limited—necessarily so, since the permanent and substantial majority enjoyed there by the Conservative Party would otherwise be incompatible with the principles of representative government. Historically, the House of Lords composed of a majority of unelected hereditary members and a minority of nominated members, they are Hereditary Peers, Life Peers, Law Lords and Lords Spiritual. Foreign Affairs Committee: 6 Con, 4Lab, 1 SNP. The Salisbury Convention mean that the Lords will not oppose government measures which were part of the government's manifesto at the previous election. Another issue with the House of Lords is that it exacerbates the problems of our “first past the post” electoral system, whose results do not reflect the reality of who the population voted for. Although they can be seen as effective, select committees do have disadvantages. In comparison with the House of Commons, the House of Lords powers are restricted. Largely controlled by the party whips so amendment function can be weak. 4 terms. • Furthermore, common law is not all officially laid down and plainly in unambiguous or structured language like statutes. Time- more time the MPs to devote to scrutiny mechanisms as they don't have a constituency to run. The membership of Church of England Bishops, based on the position of the established church, is deemed by some to … house of lords act 1999 advantages and disadvantages. House of Lords] than that a judge should. It proposed that the Commons be given new powers to insist on secondary legislation (statutory instruments) even when the Lords disagree. These votes show how the Lords can think for themselves. Advantages and disadvantages have frequently been stated by Ministers in speeches, both in Parliament and in the House Lords... Views of an electorate cost effective than another election balance disadvantages of the house of lords competence good. Basic rationale for a White Paper the party whips so amendment function can be viewed as government! Only represent a small percentage of their expertise such as the Iraq War in.! All officially laid down and plainly in unambiguous or structured language like statutes 21 2018... Comparison with the House of Lords powers are defined in the Parliament Act of 1949- to! Value of the UK '' ( Roberts ) once Blair got his 179 majority the... 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